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Volume 25, Number 2, 2020

Helical tomotherapy re-irradiation for patients affected by local radiorecurrent prostate cancer

Cristina Mariucci, Gianluca Ingrosso, Vittorio Bini, Simonetta Saldi, Marco Lupattelli, Alessandro Frattegiani, Elisabetta Perrucci, Isabella Palumbo, Lorenzo Falcinelli, Giuseppe Centofanti, Rita Bellavita, Cynthia Aristei


Background Salvage re-irradiation in patients affected by radiorecurrent prostate cancer might be a valid as well as challenging treatment option. The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility and toxicity of salvage external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) re-treatment in patients affected by radiorecurrent prostate cancer within the prostate gland or the prostate bed. Materials and Methods 15 patients underwent EBRT re-treatment using helical tomotherapy (HT), with daily Megavolt computed tomography image-guidance. We registered toxicity according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0. Biochemical relapse was defined as a PSA increase > 20% compared with the pre-EBRT re-treatment value. Survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results All patients received a total dose of 50 Gy (25 × 2 Gy), and 7 (46.6%) had concomitant androgen deprivation therapy (median duration of 12 months). With a median follow-up of 40.9 months, the 2-year and 4-year biochemical relapse-free survival were 55% and 35%, respectively. Acute and late genito-urinary (GU) toxicity ≥2 were recorded in 4 (26.6%) and 5 (33.3%) patients, respectively, and the 4-year late GU toxicity was 30%. Acute gastrointestinal toxicity ≥2 was recorded in 2 (13.3%) cases, whereas no patient experienced late toxicity. Conclusions Despite the inherent bias of a retrospective analysis, our long-term results showed a low toxicity profile with a relatively low rate of biochemical control for HT re-treatment in patients affected by local radiorecurrent prostate cancer. Prospective trials are needed to investigate the role of EBRT in this setting.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2020; 25(2) : 157-162

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