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Volume 24, Number 5, 2019

Are intraoral customized stents still necessary in the era of Highly Conformal Radiotherapy for Head & Neck cancer? Case series and literature review

P.Appendino, F. Della Ferrera, D. Nassisi, G. Blandino, E.Gino, S.D.Soll, M.G.Ruo Redda


Aim To evaluate the dose sparing efficacy of intraoral customized stents in combination with IGRT/VMAT in Head & Neck cancer patients. Background Despite advances in high-dose conformal radiotherapy (RT) techniques, adverse effects (such as oral mucositis) during and after RT often require temporary suspension of treatment and affect the quality of life in survivors. Intraoral customized stents can decrease radiation doses in healthy tissues and minimize damage from radiations. At the best of our knowledge the clinical impact of such devices in combination with VMAT (volumetric modulated arc therapy) is not reported in the literature. Cases description Three Head & Neck cancer patients were submitted to image guided (IG) RT/VMAT in their treatment protocol. Dose distribution with and without the use of an intraoral stent was compared in each patient. Mean radiation doses proved to be lower in all patients, especially in the subsite: oral cavity. Conclusions There are several reports on the efficacy of IS during RT for Head & Neck cancer. Despite technological advances, the combination between high conformal RT and intraoral stents could still play a role in the management of this kind of patients. This strengthens the usefulness of the individualization of treatments and multidisciplinary approach.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2019; 24(5) : 491-498

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