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Volume 24, Number 2, 2019

Validation of dose distribution computation on sCT images generated from MRI scans by Philips MRCAT

Iva Bratova, Petr Paluska, Jakub Grepl, Petra Sykorova, Jiri Petera


Aim To evaluate calculation of treatment plans based on synthetic-CT (sCT) images generated from MRI. Background Because of better soft tissue contrast, MR images are used in addition to CT images for radiotherapy planning. However, registration of CT and MR images or repositioning between scanning sessions introduce systematic errors, hence suggestions for MRI-only therapy. The lack of information on electron density necessary for dose calculation leads to sCT (synthetic CT) generation. This work presents a comparison of dose distribution calculated on standard CT and sCT. Materials and methods 10 prostate patients were included in this study. CT and MR images were collected for each patient and then water equivalent (WE) and MRCAT images were generated. The radiation plans were optimized on CT and then recalculated on MRCAT and WE data. 2D gamma analysis was also performed. Results The mean differences in the majority of investigated DVH points were in order of 1% up to 10%, including both MRCAT and WE dose distributions. Mean gamma pass for acceptance criteria 1%/1 mm were greater than 82.5%. Prescribed doses for target volumes and acceptable doses for organs at risk were met in almost all cases. Conclusions The dose calculation accuracy on MRCAT was not significantly compromised in the majority of clinical relevant DVH points. The introduction of MRCAT into practise would eliminate systematic errors, increase patients’ comfort and reduce treatment expenses. Institutions interested in MRCAT commissioning must, however, consider changes to established workflow.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2019; 24(2) : 242-250

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