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Volume 14, Number 6, 2009

Accuracy checks pf physical beam modifier factors algorithm used in computerized treatment planning system for a 15 MV photon beam

Muhammad Maqbool, Wazir Muhammad, Muhammad Shahid, Misbah Ahmad, Matiullah Matiullah


In order to optimize the tumour dose by using wedge filters, systematic studies were carried out to investigate the accuracy of the beam modifier algorithm in a computerized treatment planning system (Theraplan plus, version 3.8). The effect of different parameters such as beam hardening and softening coefficients on the wedge factor was also studied. A 15 MV photon beam obtained from a linear accelerator was used throughout the experiments. Normalized wedge factors were determined experimentally as well as with the Theraplan plus system as a function of field size and depth in a water phantom for 15°, 30°, 45°, and 60° wedge filters. The attenuation coefficients, beam hardening coefficient, and beam softening coefficients were also determined experimentally using the 15 MV photon beam for each wedge angle. The measured normalized wedge factor was found to increase with increasing depth and field size for the 15 MV beam. The Theraplan plus calculated normalized wedge factor was found to be in good agreement with the experimental values. This study indicated that ignoring the dependence of the wedge factor on depth and field size will result in underexposure of the tumour.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2009; 14(6) : 214-220

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